Third Sector: from Integration to Replacement of the Public System?
The article shows the decisive impact of three dimensions linked to the role of the third sector in social policies: how politicians see nonprofit organizations, how social services delegate, and how social policies involve and plan at local level. As a result of how these three aspects are developing, the subsidiarization of welfare is almost naturally starting to modify the roles of those involved, towards spaces of new privatization of social intervention, that betray the institutive aims of non-profit organizations.
Improving Private Care Work
In the last ten years Italy has seen an exponential growth in private care work, a sector that is to a great extent unregulated, marked by misinformation, uncertainty of labour relations, little correspondence between supply and demand, and dynamics of domestic segregation. In the absence of a national policy on non-self-sufficiency there has been a proliferation of regional and local services to support this sector. These interventions need to be coordinated and integrated with each other, creating a regulated market with a minimum set of rules, accepted by both families and carers.
Social Vouchers: an Analysis of the Situation in Lombardy
This contribution analyses the Lombardy model applied to social vouchers. After examining in detail the regulations in support of the reform process in Lombardy, illustrating the model for regulating services, the author analyses the actual experience of social vouchers in practice. The second part of the essay evaluates the application both of the model and the instrument.
Contracts and Costs in Crèches and Child Support Services: in Need of Rethinking
As long ago as 1971 an Italian law, no. 1044, set up crèches under the responsibility of local councils, as a first step towards a public system. Years later the reality is somewhat different. For a series of reasons,
the most cogent of which are linked to the increasing lack of available resources for local bodies and the failure to follow up the initial law, the range of educational services for the years 0-3 has taken on the
connotations of a mixed public/private system. Under pressure to provide educational services for the populace, this system has been entrusted more and more to private bodies, whether socially committed
or not, through accreditation, contracts and conventions, with the private bodies making use of national contracts that are not always even for the sector. This makes it fundamental to identify minimum
levels of costs – above all, labour costs – that will guarantee quality. An integrated system that is already weak risks deteriorating further if left to a purely speculative market logic.
Social Capital and Health Strategies: a Practical Experience
In the two years 2009/2010 Emilia-Romagna carried out various
training courses in support of innovation strategies for the social and
health services, aimed at managers and professionals in local health
services and local bodies. An analysis of the literature, data and discussions
with those taking part revealed that the main critical feature
of the public system of health and social services in Emilia-Romagna
was the crisis of trust in the relations between service providers and
users, the community and the organization, and professionals and the
organization. It was agreed to invest in the development of the social
capital of the organizations and the communities as a strategy to guarantee
sustainability to the system and improve the running of it. As
part of the this strategy, some proposals for action were also formulated,
which took the form of local laboratories of innovation to be
created with the involvement of the health authorities, local bodies,
the universities, citizens, citizens’ representatives, workers and the
third sector, and other significant figures in the area.