The New Framework of Nationalities and Immigrant Work
The incidence of immigrants on Italian population is still slight compared with other European countries and is far below the Eu average, yet there has been a considerable rise in recent years. The paper analyses the composition of the immigrant population and the transformations that took place due to the latest regularisation sanctioned by the «Bossi-Fini Law». The authors analyse the changes that have occurred in this context, in particular, the shift in the geographic axis of migrations - with an increase in immigration from Eastern countries, the considerable growth in female immigration, the rise in immigrant stabilisation processes in Italian society, evident, above all, in the labour market.
Immigrant Women as Actors of Social Insertion
The paper analyses the migratory situation in Italy from a gender perspective, considered important not only because it is significant numerically but also due to the particular forms and modalities it has taken on over the decades. Immigrant women are present in all Italian regions although their situation has modified in relation to the changing characteristics of migratory flows over the years. The author analyses the various strategies and trajectories that have guided and still guide women in their decision to immigrate to our country. Indeed how the women have arrived in the country, their motives for leaving the homeland and their migratory projects have conditioned integration in the new context.
Regular and Hidden Precariousness - Foreign Workers in the Italian Labour Market
Law No. 189/02 represented an opportunity for immigrant work to come out into the open and be regularised. It has been successful, well beyond the intentions of the promoters, as the measure was supposed to concentrate on service jobs but, instead, it also involved subordinate workers in enterprises (Law No.222/02). This legislative intervention allowed a more accurate assessment of how migrants workers, both regular and hidden, are now an essential and structural factor of a large part of the productive sector. Reflections on these matters are outlined in this paper, contributing to the development of the discussion on the issue by proposing a reinterpretation of different phases of migratory flows in our country and considering the various relationships between immigration and work precariousness in each period.
Regulation of Migratory Flows and Recruitment Strategies
The article proposes an analysis of the impact of the Italian system for the regulation of migratory flows on corporate recruitment choices, referring to the results of a research on the building, health and Ict sectors. The inquiry, developed within an international project, examines migratory flows from the singular viewpoint of labour demand, namely the enterprises. The regulation system and quota restrictions of migratory flows influences the strategic choices of enterprises which use non-Eu labour force, thus influencing migratory movements.
Non-Eu Clients of Job Services: an Exploratory Study
According to the latest «Monitoring of Job Services» carried out by Isfol there are over 260,000 non-Eu workers registered at the Employment Centres (Cpi) at a rate of 6.5% at the national level but with peaks of up to 30% in some provinces. The stability and size of immigrant communities in Italy have thus led to their progressive use of public services. However these clients often make requests which are not strictly related to the labour market so that specific skills and professional figures are now required.