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RPS 1 2018

Il testo è la sintesi dell’articolo pubblicato nella sezione Tema del n. 1 2018 di Rps e scaricabile dagli abbonati nella versione integrale al link:

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welfare state

A Comparison of Redistribution and Welfare in Europe and the Us

Articolo scritto da:

Considering that social services could be provided either by the public sector and private bodies, the dimensions of the Welfare State are similar in Europe and in the Usa. However, the breakdown in spending is different: more is spent on health in the Usa whereas assistance and social security are the priorities in Europe. The redistributive effects of the two systems are difficult to assess given that each item of social spending presents specific features. It must, however, be stressed that the dimensions of the social state are an inadequate criterion to compare the level of redistribution of social spending.only subscribers can see the full article

Data, or Ambivalence

Articolo scritto da:

Both common sense and methodological reasons should make it obvious that every time we leave a strict «experimental» context, data have extremely and explicitly ambivalent relations with the reality they describe, plan and evaluate: this is part of their role, which is never independent of context, and still less neutral or objective. The data are in the service of a hypothesis (in the best of cases: that means they correspond to an explorative work of research or comparison), or a theory (more frequently: they are a response to a plan that seeks to demonstrate, defend or confirm something that has already been decided). In systems that are more or less rapidly being redefined or evolving, and that are already «dependent» on «other» macro-variables, the potentiality/possibility of profound ambivalence in the data translates almost naturally into concrete and/or planned probability.only subscribers can see the full article

Decarbonising the Welfare State

Articolo scritto da:

After an introduction on the fundamental functions of welfare systems in present-day developed societies, the essay concentrates on the ties between social policies and climate change, analysing the implications of the imperative of decarbonisation. It then considers, partly in the light of the paradigms and lessons made available by the experience of traditional welfare, the new dilemmas and possible options for identifying the opportunities and the redistribution of the costs of decarbonisation, in an inevitably changed perspective of a global social prosperity that is no longer linked to growth.only subscribers can see the full article

Reasons to Propose a Law on Non Self-Sufficiency

Articolo scritto da:

The pensioners’ unions Spi-Cgil, Fnp-Cisl and Uilp-Uil have decided to promote an act on non self-sufficiency. The reasons for this choice stem from the need to prevent, contrast and accompany this phenomenon which is on the rise, involving more than 2,800,000 Italian citizens and their families. The national government has not yet provided a suitable, effective response to requirements stemming from the «risk» of non self-sufficiency, leaving the system of local autonomies and individuals to cover the expenses resulting from the phenomenon. The matter has enormous impact. The act proposes a project to deal with the phenomenon starting from everyday life scenarios; prospecting a definition of non self-sufficiency and assessment modalities, indicating essential rights and guaranteeing their homogeneous application throughout the country; proposing an individualised plan, integrated services and a system to make care workers providing services to the non self-sufficient responsible. The national in-tervention plan proposed is supported by a national fund for non self-sufficiency financed through general taxation and capable of giving a concrete response to social essential levels.only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Local Childcare Inequalities

Articolo scritto da:

The paper analyses the development of child care policies in Italy. In the last decade two trends have been observed: the widening gap be-tween supply and demand, and a strong differentiation of suppliers. In particular there has been a diffusion of private services due to the introduction of market and also as a result of national and local public incentives, those objective is to increase total supply and to contain public spending. These two trends have developed in a highly differ-entiated territorial articulation, with a classic rift between Centre-North and South of Italy , as well as local varieties of public, profit-making private and social private arrangements. Through three local cases - Monza, Pesaro and Cosenza - the article analyses how different local configurations cause tensions and inequalities in access to the services.only subscribers can see the full article

Paolo Ferrero

Articolo scritto da:

First of all I’d like to thank you for your invitation to contribute to this Forum. Various problems seem to have emerged, and I’d like to try and talk about them. Apart from some criticisms relating to questions of organisation, I particularly want to draw attention to a specific problem, that of the essential levels of care, with special reference to the question of non-self-sufficiency. I want to talk about it in cultural as well as political terms, though in this latter sense our policy on this should start to be implemented in the next few months. I start from one element for evaluating the present situation. It seems to me obvious that — and here I agree with the judgments given — the social sector is much less protected in the constitution than the health sector. Traditionally there has always been a strong difference in the level of services in our country.only subscribers can see the full article

The Institutional Problems of Welfare: Europe and Territorialization Process

Articolo scritto da:

The welfare state is a polysemic idea and the various social sciences have given different definitions of it, each of them underlining this or that aspect, depending on the epistemological attitude of their field. In studies of the theory of the state and constitutional law, by «welfare state» we mean a liberal state that uses taxation to carry out policies that actively redistribute wealth so as to guarantee a minimum level of wellbeing to all citizens, whatever their capacity to produce income (Mortati, 1973): it is clearly a definition that corresponds to a historical-institutional perspective, which in the framework of the development of forms of the state underlines the transformation of the «neutral» liberal state, under the effect of mass parties and reforming political and union movements, into an «interventionist» state.only subscribers can see the full article

Social Europe or Free-trader Europe? The Future of European Social Model

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The author highlights the violent reproposal of the neoliberal ideology and the continual mortification of the most important aspects of the European social model according to the deterministic logic of economic models and ineluctable natural processes. The author comes to the conclusion that the factors hypothesised in literature on the crisis in European welfare states are inapplicable; and that the restriction of the range of possible evolutionary courses for future societies does not seem to be underway. The article analyses the alternative hypotheses to the crisis theories and to the demolition of the «European social model», exploring through the «human development’ approach the possible synergies between economic development and social development, competitiveness and justice, rights and growth which can once again shape welfare as a «productive factor». only subscribers can see the full article

Family and Welfare in Spain

Articolo scritto da:

The article analyses recent developments in families and social policy-making in Spain. First, the impact that «superwomen» have had in underpinning Spanish welfare arrangements in the last decades is analysed. The latter type of mater familias, that has contributed decisively to the economic prosperity and stability of the country, is gradually vanishing. Rapid societal change has encouraged social policy-making in order to provide with new public benefits and services to support families. In subsequent sections of the article, public programmes and legislation carried out by PP (1996-2004) and Psoe (2004- ). Governments are reviewed contrasting the approaches taken by both main Spanish political parties in recent years. Concluding remarks underline the idea that what was considered to be a «women’s issue» can no longer be coped with «behind-closed-doors».only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: family policies :: welfare state :: family :: Spain ::

Children in the Welfare State. An Approach to Social Investment

Articolo scritto da:

The paper states the necessity for substantial investment in policies to support childhood. Children, considered both in quantitative and qualitative terms, are identified as the focus for the definition of the new welfare balance. First of all, the article considers the reasons that influence the reproductive choices of women and the reasons behind the low fertility rate, analyzing the negative effects on growth and development resulting from present circumstances. In the light of the importance of human capital as a strategic factor of economic growth, the author supports the necessity to invest in a mix of policies which, on the one hand, allows people, especially women, to satisfy their reproductive desires without them becoming an obstacle to participation in the labor market; on the other hand, it aims to support the growth and development of children by overcoming the social and cultural inequalities inherited from their parents, allowing them to acquire skills that can be put to use in the labor market when they are adults.only subscribers can see the full article