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RPS 1 2018

Il testo è la sintesi dell’articolo pubblicato nella sezione Tema del n. 1 2018 di Rps e scaricabile dagli abbonati nella versione integrale al link:

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poverty

Social work and overcoming child poverty

The increasing poverty of families also affects the poverty of many children. Given the dramatic nature of the statistics, the survey focuses on who they are, how they live, their main needs, why intervention is often so slow, and why the youngest are the most disadvantaged (0-3). Social workers who face these issues every day have explained to us how they can help children, what is helpful and what is not, what is provided and what is not provided, if and how to combine money transfers and services, how the lack of integration can create operational gaps, and if and how training can improve their service. The results are valuable because they come from direct knowledge of the problems, from their professional experience, and from the utility of their action despite limited resources and organizational dysfunctions.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: social work :: poverty :: children ::

Europe 2020. Policies against Poverty and Exclusion in the European Strategy for the Next Decade

Articolo scritto da:

The European Union’s new strategy, Europe 2020, offers an integrated and innovative response to the economic and social challenges that the economic crisis has highlighted or worsened. Proposed and adopted during the European Year for Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion, Europe 2020 places the reduction of poverty and exclusion as one of the Union’s priorities and defines a quantitative aim to be reached before the end of the decade. To support this commitment and make it credible, the European Commission has proposed a flagship initiative, the European Platform to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion, one of whose tasks will be to appeal to social innovation to find adequate responses to social risks old and new. only subscribers can see the full article

The return of poverty: old problems, new challenges

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Will poverty return with the present crisis or is it already part of the current situation in Italy? After considering Italy’s position in the world from the point of view of income inequality, this article dwells on some peculiarities of the «Italian poverty model». The main characteristics of the model are the gap between regions of the North and South and the family’s role in the processes of economic hardship. The future scenario of poverty must develop from these elements, which are worsened the lack of any non-discretionary and non-contributory universalistic measures of income support.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: poverty ::

The Working Poor. A Review of Sociological Studies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Working poor
The article offers to describe the main lines of the question of the working poor, dealing with some interpretations, identifying different perspectives and drawing attention to some important elements of analysis chosen from the literature on the subject. The research examined shows the complexity and multidimensional nature of the phenomenon. It is the co-presence of several risk factors, at micro and macro level, that generates working poverty both directly and indirectly. Finally, the article argues for the social significance and great relevance of the subject and suggests it be made a specific object of empirical research.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: labour market :: poverty :: vulnerability ::

Poverty as an Adaptable Concept and Policy Informer

Articolo scritto da:

Each year the Commission on social exclusion presents a «Poverty Report» which illustrates, through a series of indicators and analyses, the main features of poverty in Italy and the policies which have been implemented to contrast it in the previous year. Most of the data presented initially seem to be easily interpreted but it is not always the case: in the construction of some indicators, there may be some hidden conceptual traps which can be misleading and offer a distorted vision of the reality. Without a «preventative» clarification of what is really meant by poverty, you run the risk of misinterpreting the real condition of poor families and the most appropriate policy measures needed to improve their standard of living. It is thus necessary to clear up any possible confusions to prevent any policy mystification from causing policy errors.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Workers in Turin: Factors of Vulnerability and Processes of Impoverishment

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The article presents the main results of some exploratory research in Turin on immigrant workers and the risks of poverty that they run. It analyses the impact of the economic situation on the living and working conditions of foreigners, showing how in Turin the present economic crisis is compromising the process of social integration in the last decade of many foreigners who had long been in Italy, and were being joined by their families, buying a house, and seeking to set up a stable life. The picture that emerges has many critical points: work conditions have worsened, many jobs have been lost, with people falling back on the black economy, encountering serious difficulties in finding work, and job protection being reduced.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: immigration :: vulnerability ::

Poverty and social demand for a home: the new housing question and policy categories

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The return of the housing question to the political agenda in Italy has a number of uncertainties: the conceptual and operational patterns for innovation risk blocking the necessary change of direction for dealing with the full gravity of the new forms of housing poverty and homelessness. To a large extent the problems derive from underestimating the weight of the processes of growth of social vulnerability. The article develops the idea that the combination of these processes and the dynamics of housing poverty must be the basis for policy innovation. only subscribers can see the full article

Income Support for Poor Workers, from the Point of View of Efficiency

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Working poor
This article is a contribution to the literature studying the possible tools for combating poverty. After tracing the main lines of «Making work pay» (Mwp) schemes, there is an analysis of the main features of Earned income tax credit (Eitc). The aim is to clarify how Eitc, which aims to redistribute wealth, also determines responses from economic agents that have a strong effect on efficiency. The work brings out how, on the basis of the theory of optimum taxation, the Mwp schemes can have effects in terms of efficiency in two different ways. The first concerns the risks linked to the creation of inefficiency traps (inactivity, unemployment, poverty), while the second concerns the contrasting effects of Eitc in relation to the extensive margin (being part of the labour market or not) and the intensive margin (variation in hours worked). The possibility of being able to reconcile redistribution and efficiency is still an open debate, useful for guiding the preparation of optimum policies of income support.only subscribers can see the full article

Trend in Safety Net Mechanism. A European Overview

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The paper gives a brief overview of safety net mechanisms in Eu countries (before enlargement), outlining eligibility conditions after social protection adjustments and reforms in the 90s and the current trends in the activation of minimum income beneficiaries. By analysing the policies of European states, there emerges a prevalent model which foresees the activation of the beneficiaries of safety net mechanisms with rigid access/exclusion conditions. The excessive use of restrictive, conditional tools risks the re-emergence of the idea of «culpable» poverty, hence undermining the achievements of social inclusion policies.only subscribers can see the full article

The Impact of the Crisis on Foreign Workers. Returning Migrations in Campania

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The article analyses «returning» internal migrations of immigrants in Italy, particularly towards the region of Campania. In the past this region had the dual role of a transit area and a stabilization area, but it is now becoming the main destination of immigrants who lose their jobs as a result of the crisis. In particular, the essay examines the impact these new internal flows have on social cohesion both in the regions being left and in the job market in Campania. Interviews with direct witnesses and immigrants reconstruct the processes of skidding and impoverishment in the context of the crisis of the Neapolitan model of survival, which had previously been able, however unsatisfactorily, to receive even those immigrants in the most desperate conditions.only subscribers can see the full article