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Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Giovedì, 25 Gennaio 2018 - 10:14 Sala delle Regioni, via dei Frentani 4/a, Roma

Se ne discute il 25 gennaio in occasione della presentazione del Volume n.

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Italy

Economic inequalities and «social malaise» in Italy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
Italy is widely perceived as a country that is going through a phase of «malaise», mainly for economic reasons. Yet this «malaise» does not seem to emerge from the indicators that should pick it up. Income inequality and poverty have been pretty well stable for several years. After reviewing the development of inequality in the last two decades, these notes try to illustrate some phenomena that can explain the widespread perception of «social malaise» and that slip through the net of the traditional indicators. only subscribers can see the full article

Italy. Parenthood, Work and Reconciliation Conditions

Articolo scritto da:

The paper examines the main effects of the difficulties of reconciling life and work times in Italy. It then goes on to analyse a particular aspect of this difficulty, namely the incapacity of satisfying desired fertility plans. Analysing data from an inquiry on living conditions of families from a well off Italian province, there is empirical evidence of the positive effect of the type of work performed by the woman on the gap between children desired and effective. Some policy considerations are given in the conclusion.only subscribers can see the full article

Pensions Reform in Italy. A Historical Analysis of Politic of Solidarity

Articolo scritto da:

This article gives a historical analysis of pensions reform in Italy over the last two decades, in the attempt to cast light on the role of the unions in the political process and make some suggestions as to the redistributory consequences of the reforms agreed, commenting on the competing strategies of the negotiators to distribute the costs and benefits of the new measures. A study of the various reforms agreed and their redistributory effects (particularly the 1995 Dini Reform) makes possible an initial evaluation of the unions’ work. While some of the literature has emphasised their defence of their members’ interests (to the detriment of collective interests) this analysis shows a more complex interaction between ideas and preferences. The brief comparison with other European countries confirms the need to consider interests in order to understand the reform processes of the so-cial policies and their outcomes, even with a more wide-ranging approach.only subscribers can see the full article

Critical Aspects of Heath Policy in Italy. Historical Origins and Perspectives

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Nhs
In December 2003 some newspapers reminded Italians that 25 years have passed since the foundation of the National Health Service, taking the opportunity to present yet another list of critical aspects and shortcomings of the system. Not everyone remembers that the first health law in unified Italy dates back to December 1888, when the National Health System was first introduced. It is with this historical prospective of analysis that it is possible to grasp the characteristics of the present development phase of the Italian health policy, with the possibility to question some institutional and organisational congruencies and inconsistencies that emerge with respect to an economic and cultural context under great transformation. only subscribers can see the full article

Regionalization and the Labour Market

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Europe and Regions
This essay examines the various phases in the development that has taken place over a decade in regional legislation on the labour market. It begins by considering the organisational and functional modernisation of labour services, a result of the administrative decentralisation of the late 1990s that implemented the so-called Bassanini Reform. But it was the constitutional reform of 2001, giving the Regions legislative power over «protection and safety in the workplace» that was, for some of them at least, the opportunity for rethinking the role of local administrations in overseeing the labour markets in their territory. Not only has there been a rethinking, more or less serious, of the oranisational and managerial model of the 1990s, but the Regions in particular, on the lookout as they are for areas of intervention that tend to be ignored by central government, have started to experiment new ways of encouraging «quality of work».only subscribers can see the full article

The New Framework of Nationalities and Immigrant Work

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The incidence of immigrants on Italian population is still slight compared with other European countries and is far below the Eu average, yet there has been a considerable rise in recent years. The paper analyses the composition of the immigrant population and the transformations that took place due to the latest regularisation sanctioned by the «Bossi-Fini Law». The authors analyse the changes that have occurred in this context, in particular, the shift in the geographic axis of migrations - with an increase in immigration from Eastern countries, the considerable growth in female immigration, the rise in immigrant stabilisation processes in Italian society, evident, above all, in the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

The Italian educational system: structural failings and money-saving reforms

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
The author discusses the results of the Italian educational system presented in the most important national and international studies to bring out the limitations of educational and training policy in recent years, and highlights the political incapacity to see educational reforms as a subject of joint interest because related to a «common good», to reach agreement on priorities and aims, and to give continuity to the measures of different governments. As a result there are various dangers: an increasing distance of the situation in Italy from the indications of the European Union.only subscribers can see the full article

The Decline of the Italian Economy: Structural Change or Cyclical Transition?

Italy has been experiencing for the last three decades a long structural economic recession. Labour market reforms, austerity policies, wage moderation, and the deregulation of the real and the financial market do not appear to have contributed to turning the receding tide of the Italian productive system, but to exacerbating a situation of poor productivity, investment and technology. In this essay, we use «growth accounting» to measure the contribution of different factors to economic growth, and to isolate the determinants of the Italian slowdown. The resulting macroeconomic picture shows that the slowdown of the Italian economy is structural in nature and affects both the non-Ict and Ict sectors.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: productivity :: Italy :: competitiveness ::

Social shock absorbers. Increasing conditionality and «pulverisation» of governance in the Italian system

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
The Italian case
When the mechanisms of workfare enter the academic and political debate about the oft-announced reform of the social shock absorbers, they are often seen as a panacea that can solve the most serious defects of unfairness in the present system. The article that follows seeks to show how, the current legal position is already to a large extent in line with this aim, at least formally. Therefore, any reform clearly needs to fill the gap between the abstract provisions of the regulations and how they are actually applied, but also to intervene to strengthen the governance of the system.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: Italy :: governance :: workfare :: regulations ::

From Working Time Flexibility to Numerical Flexibility. Considerations on Government Action and Union Intervention

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Times and Hours
The article examines the results of the application of law 30/03 in the light of trends in subsequent collective bargaining and the results of decisions made by the Cgil on the matter. Remarks are given on some inquiries conducted by Istat and other institutes on the influence of measures introduced by law 30 on the Italian labour market. The results obtained highlight that bargaining has mostly complied with the indications set by Cgil and that hints at a general weakening of Italian occupation are becoming visible, due mainly to the increasing rate of forward contracts, especially in the case of female occupation. It is thus necessary to radically modify current legislation.only subscribers can see the full article