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RPS 1 2018

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immigration

Labour Law in the «Bossi-Fini» from the Perspective of Eu Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The paper analyses the main aspects of Law No. 189/2002 - known as the «Bossi-Fini Law» 0150 with reference to innovations in immigration due to labour migration. A comparative analysis of the main European countries is conducted and special attention is given to the Eu policies that are developing, based on new attributions to the Eu from the Amsterdam Treaty. The interpretation key adopted highlights a methodological defect of the recent italian reform of immigration for labour migration. In particular, the italian reform exceeds in its political significance and is poor in legislative substance. As a result its interpretation and application are prone to distortion, furthermore, emphasis is placed on the less innovative and/or more regressive positions of the community policy under definition.only subscribers can see the full article

Populism’s Challenge to Liberal Democracy

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Populisms in Europe
Starting from reflections on the success of populist parties in Europe, which have recently been part of the government in various countries, including Italy, this article discuss the challenge they involve for the fundamental principles of liberal democracy, which can be summed up in the principle of «limited (restrained) majority rule». By analysing some parts of a questionnaire circulated among members of the Northern league and the Swiss Svp we can evaluate the importance the question of immigration/«security» and «identity» questions like the defence of dialects and traditions have recently had in attracting some sectors of the electorate towards populist parties. On the basis of the questionnaire, the article also examines what the supporters of populist parties think of their actions on these topics when in government. In conclusion, the article claims that, while the concept of «representation » is compatible with populist ideology, the same cannot be said as regards the fundamental principles of liberal democracy.only subscribers can see the full article

The development of citizenship laws: a global perspective

Articolo scritto da:

In this work we examine the development of citizenship laws in the world. Our analysis is based on a databank we compiled that documents this development for 162 countries in the period 1948-2001. On the basis of an econometric study our results can be summarized as follows. The original juridical tradition – the application of the jus soli rather than the jus sanguinis – continues to have an effect on current legislation. The pressure of migration tends to limit how open the legislation is, restricting the application of the jus soli. One of the factors determining greater openness is the degree of democracy and demographic stagnation. only subscribers can see the full article

Social Work and Foreign Women: Reflection on Rights and Emersion Dynamics – II

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
Faced with the progressive ageing of the population, of which Italy has the world primacy, this paper examines the opportunity and urgency of concrete solutions to the requirement for reorganisation and consolidation of services/benefits for dependent persons. Possible solutions are prospected: prevention but also setting up a fund for dependent persons in order to curb the inevitable and realistic rise in social and health spending, the preparation, training and in general protection of the delicate care work performed by family members, care workers and service operators who look after dependent persons. A constant balance between quantitative increase and quality guarantees needs to be maintained and controlled by the public authorities.only subscribers can see the full article

The New Framework of Nationalities and Immigrant Work

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The incidence of immigrants on Italian population is still slight compared with other European countries and is far below the Eu average, yet there has been a considerable rise in recent years. The paper analyses the composition of the immigrant population and the transformations that took place due to the latest regularisation sanctioned by the «Bossi-Fini Law». The authors analyse the changes that have occurred in this context, in particular, the shift in the geographic axis of migrations - with an increase in immigration from Eastern countries, the considerable growth in female immigration, the rise in immigrant stabilisation processes in Italian society, evident, above all, in the labour market.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigration in Oecd Countries - A Multifaceted Panorama

in the issue
Migration
The paper examines the main evolutions in international migrations in Oecd countries, whose flows have been profoundly modified by important geopolitical events which marked the beginning of the third millennium and the end of the previous one. Along side the persistence of traditional migrations, new migratory currents emerge. Starting out from this analysis, the authors identify some of the future challenges, especially regarding the international mobility of workforce - particularly highly qualified personnel - and the integration of foreign or migrant workers in the labour market. Migratory policies must respond to this situation in order to satisfy labour market requirements and at the same time adhere to international and humanitarian commitments.only subscribers can see the full article

Immigrant Workers in Turin: Factors of Vulnerability and Processes of Impoverishment

Articolo scritto da:

The article presents the main results of some exploratory research in Turin on immigrant workers and the risks of poverty that they run. It analyses the impact of the economic situation on the living and working conditions of foreigners, showing how in Turin the present economic crisis is compromising the process of social integration in the last decade of many foreigners who had long been in Italy, and were being joined by their families, buying a house, and seeking to set up a stable life. The picture that emerges has many critical points: work conditions have worsened, many jobs have been lost, with people falling back on the black economy, encountering serious difficulties in finding work, and job protection being reduced.only subscribers can see the full article
Keywords: poverty :: immigration :: vulnerability ::

Immigration, multiculturalism and welfare state

Articolo scritto da:

It is widely believed that a viable welfare state depends on achieving and maintaining a high level of solidarity amongst citizens, and that this solidarity is eroded by increasing levels of ethnic and racial diversity due to immigration. If true, there is a trade-off between a more open and accommodating approach to immigrants, on the one hand, and the maintenance of a robust welfare state. In this paper, however, we argue that claims about an inevitable trade-off between diversity and solidarity are premature. The evidence to date, and our own research, shows that a multicultural welfare state is a viable prospect.only subscribers can see the full article

Pensions and Labour - An Analysis of Unequal Treatment

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
The economic and demographic contribution of immigration to the Eu can have consequences on social protection regimes. It is thus necessary to examine both the positive aspects of the system and levels of protection truly given to such workers especially regarding the principles of equal treatment and compliance of acquired statutory rights (under adoption). Contrary to what some may be inclined to believe, available studies, albeit partial, highlight the persistence of serious inequalities in the protection of immigrants. In Italy the phenomenon of immigration is relatively recent but it is not sufficient to justify the delays and shortcomings registered in the initiation of active policies for the stipulation of bilateral agreements on social security and major international obligations. It is evident that building partnerships with the countries of origin is fundamental not only to combat illegal immigration but also to reinforce cooperation policies, contribute to the consolidation of local social security systems and thus improve social protection conditions for all residents.only subscribers can see the full article

Waiting for the Next Amnesty? The Unresolved Problems of Italian Migratory Policies

Articolo scritto da:

in the issue
Migration
Italian migratory policies represent a highly controversial policy as opposing, polarised reform proposals are often put forward. There is thus the widespread impression that this matter has been characterised by considerable discontinuity in the last decades. This paper shows how Italian migratory policy choices have been characterised by long term discontinuity focussed on two crucial points: the absence of a realistic policy for entries and of a stabilisation policy for the foreign population already present in the country. From the very beginning Italian migratory policy has been characterised by the systematic use of expost legalisation and the management of the foreign population which protracted the phase of initial precariousness. If reforms of migratory legislation have progressively increased the technical efficacy of repressive norms, such an effort hasn’t produced a greater capacity to manage the phenomenon.only subscribers can see the full article